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Relationship Between the Colonies and the Government in England in the 1700s | Synonym complaint synonym

Relationship Between the Colonies and the Government in England in the 1700s By Laura Leddy Turner A street fight between Boston Colonists and British soldiers escalated into the Boston Massacre.

The relationship between Great Britain and its North American Colonies began to show signs of strain in the early 1700s. Until then, England's preoccupation with civil conflict and ongoing war with France allowed the Colonies to carry on domestic and foreign trade with little interference from British authorities. In addition, since their founding, the Colonies had been managing many of their own affairs. The Colonists, as a result, developed a sense of independence. When England began enforcing restrictions on Colonial trade and taking other actions that suggested Colonists did not have the same rights as British citizens in England, the Colonists began to take stock of their own identity and question Great Britain's authority over them.

Unequal Balance of Trade

Great Britain viewed the Colonies as both a source of raw materials, such as lumber, furs, tobacco, sugar and iron, and a market for England's goods, such as silk, linens and tea. The Colonies typically did not sell enough raw materials to England to cover the cost of imports and were expected to make up the shortfall in gold and silver. England profited from this mercantile system while the Colonies accumulated debt. To increase their profits, Colonial merchants often resorted to carrying on illegal trade, or smuggling, with other countries. England's passage of the Navigation Acts and Staples Act in the 1600s and the Molasses Act in 1733 curtailed the Colonies' ability to trade with other countries and established vice-admiralty courts to punish smugglers. Colonial merchants resented these restrictions, which they saw as prohibitive to carrying on profitable trade.

Rebuffed and Resentful

Although the French and Indian War technically had the Colonies and Great Britain fighting on the same side, the conflict gave rise to tensions between Colonists and the British government. The Colonists volunteered to raise their own armies to defend themselves against the French and the various Native American tribes aligned with them, but the British government made it clear it preferred to have British soldiers leading any armed conflict. Great Britain's refusal to allow Colonial militia to fight in defense of their own land insulted the Colonists and made them feel as though they were not wholly Englishmen and equal citizens of the British Empire.

Closing the Frontier

The French and Indian War concluded in 1763, much to the relief of Colonists anxious to settle western territory formerly held by France. Many Colonists had already begun settling in western Ohio after the French abandoned Fort Duquesne in 1758. The Colonists' plans for expansion were thwarted with the British government's Proclamation of 1763, which banned settlement beyond the Appalachian Mountains and required settlers to give up any already established settlements. The British set up military posts along the proclamation line to enforce the border, protect Native American land holdings and promote British fur-trade interests. The British told Colonists that the posts were set up to protect them from attack by Native Americans and would be maintained at the expense of the Colonies. The Colonists felt the British government was interfering with their right to freely expand, forcing them to pay for military protection they had not requested.

Creating Irreconcilable Differences

Beginning in 1764, the British government passed a series of acts designed to assert its authority and raise revenue from the Colonies. The Colonists believed, however, that levying taxes was a right reserved for their representative Colonial legislatures. When the Colonists' opposition to the Stamp Act effected its repeal, they used similar means to oppose the Townshend Acts, this time boycotting British goods and harassing customs officials. A clash between British soldiers and Boston citizens in 1770 -- known as the Boston Massacre -- claimed the lives of five Bostonians. The Tea Act of 1773 again raised ire among Colonials who destroyed tea shipments in Boston Harbor during the Boston Tea Party. The British government answered this action with the closure of Boston Harbor and the revocation of Massachusetts' Colonial charter. Instead of inducing subservience, however, each step the British government took to diminish the Colonies' liberties brought them a step closer to war.

References USHistory.org: American Government: The Colonial Experience History.com: American in the British Empire University of Houston: Digital History: British Mercantilism and The Cost of Empire USHistory.org: The French and Indian War University of Washington: Department of History: United States History: Timeline: 1700 to 1800 USHistory.org: Proclamation of 1763 Founding.com: 1763 to 1769: King George Encroaches on the Independence of The Colonies Through Taxation Without Representation Library of Congress: The American Revolution, 1763 to 1783: British Reforms and Colonial Resistance, 1767 to 1772 The Mariners Museum: Overview of The State of Pre-Revolutionary American Maritime Commerce Resour outlet-moncler-milano-via-pisani-rid-3884411.html. moncler man coatsces Library of Economics and Liberty: The Concise Encyclopedia of Economics: Mercantilism; Laura LaHaye USAHistory.info: The Navigation Acts U.S. Department of State: Office of the Historian: About the Author

Laura Leddy Turner began her writing career in 1976. She has worked in the newspaper industry as an illustrator, columnist, staff writer and copy editor, including with Gannett and the Asbury Park Press. Turner holds a B.A. in literature and English from Ramapo College of New Jersey, with postgraduate coursework in business law.

Photo Credits Photos.com/Photos.com/Getty Images More Classroom Articles British Goals for Egypt in 1882 British Laws That Were Passed That Affected the American Colonies What Were the Points of the Townshend Acts? British Influence in India During the 19th Century What European Countries Had Control of India During the 1800s? American Colonial Perspective of the Proclamation of 1763
complaint synonym

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outlet moncler fashion outlet via vittor pisani 12/a milano Presenting problem From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search

The chief complaint formally known as CC in the medical field, or termed presenting complaint (PC) in the UK, forms the second step of medical history taking, and is a concise statement describing the symptom , problem, condition , diagnosis , physician recommended return, or other factor that is the reason for a medical encounter. [1] The patient's initial comments to a physician, nurse , or other health care professional help form the differential diagnosis .

In some instances, the nature of a patient's chief complaint may determine if services are covered by medical or vision insurance . [2]

Medical students are advised to use open-ended questions in order to obtain the presenting complaint. [3]

Other terms sometimes used include reason for encounter (RFE), presenting problem, problem on admission and reason for presenting. [ citation needed ]

Analyzing for the chief complaint involves assessment using the acronym SOCRATES , OPQRST .

Contents 1 Prevalence 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Prevalence [ edit ]

The collection of chief complaint data may be useful in addressing public health issues. [4] Certain complaints are more common in certain settings and among certain populations. Fatigue has been reported as one of the ten most common reasons for seeing a physician. [5] In acute care settings, such as emergency rooms , reports of chest pain are among the most common chief complaints. [6] The most common complaint in ERs has been reported to be abdominal pain . [7] Among nursing home residents seeking treatment at ERs, respiratory symptoms, altered mental status, gastrointestinal symptoms , and falls are the most commonly reported. [8]

CMS required history elements [9] Type of history CC HPI ROS Past , family , and/or social Problem focused Required Brief N/A N/A Expanded problem focused Required Brief Problem pertinent N/A Detailed Required Extended Extended Pertinent Comprehensive Required Extended Complete Complete See also [ edit ] Identified patient Medical history References [ edit ] ^ "VI. Evaluation and Management (E/M) Services". Compliance Training Manual . www.usc.edu. Archived from the original on 2001-05-03.   ^ "coding q & a - Medical Vs. Vision Insurance" . Optometric Management. July 1, 2004.   ^ Shah, Nayankumar (2005). "Taking a history: Introduction and the presenting complaint" . Student BMJ . 13: 309–52. doi :10.1136/sbmj.0509314 (inactive 2017-01-15).   ^ "Implementation Guide for Transmission of Patient Chief Complaint as Public Health Information using Version 2.3.1 of the Health Level Seven (HL7) Standard Protocol" (PDF) . Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. May 27, 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-10-23.   ^ Nelson, E; Kirk, J; McHugo, G; Douglass, R; Ohler, J; Wasson, J; Zubkoff, M (1987). "Chief complaint fatigue: A longitudinal study from the patient's perspective". Family practice research journal . 6 (4): 175–88. PMID   3455125 .   ^ "Differentiating Chest Pain" . Emergency Medicine. Archived from the original on 2011-07-30.   ^ Graff, Louis G.; Robinson, Dave (2001). "Abdominal Pain and Emergency Department Evaluation". Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America . 19 (1): 123–36. PMID   11214394 . doi : 10.1016/S0733-8627(05)70171-1 .   ^ Ackermann, Richard J; Kemle, Kathy A; Vogel, Robert L; Griffin, Ralph C (1998). "Emergency Department Use by Nursing Home Residents". Annals of Emergency Medicine . 31 (6): 749–57. PMID   9624316 . doi : 10.1016/S0196-0644(98)70235-5 .   ^ "Evaluation and Management Services Guide" (PDF) . www.cms.gov. December 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-11 . Retrieved 2011-02-27 .   External links [ edit ] MedEd at Loyola ipm/comphx1/sld003.htm v t e Medical examination and history taking Medical history Chief complaint History of the present illness Systems review Nursing assessment Allergies Medications Past medical history Surgical history Family history Social history Psychiatric history Progress notes Mnemonics SAMPLE OPQRST SOAP Physical examination General/ IPPA Inspection Auscultation Palpation Percussion Vital signs Temperature Heart rate Blood pressure Respiratory rate HEENT Oral mucosa TM Eyes ( Ophthalmoscopy , Swinging-flashlight test ) Hearing ( Weber , Rinne ) Respiratory Respiratory sounds Cyanosis Clubbing Cardiovascular Precordial examination Peripheral vascular examination Heart sounds Other Jugular venous pressure Abdominojugular test Carotid bruit Ankle-brachial pressure index Abdominal Digestive Liver span Rectal Murphy's sign Bowel sounds Urinary Murphy's punch sign Extremities / Joint Back ( Straight leg raise ) Knee ( McMurray test ) Hip Wrist ( Tinel sign , Phalen maneuver ) Shoulder ( Adson's sign ) GALS screen Neurological Mental state Mini–mental state examination Cranial nerve examination Upper limb neurological examination Neonatal Apgar score Ballard Maturational Assessment Gynecological Well-woman examination Vaginal examination Breast examination Cervical motion tenderness Assessment and plan Medical diagnosis Differential diagnosis Retrieved from " https://en./w/index.php?title=Presenting_problem&oldid=760247201 " Categories : Medical terminology Symptoms Hidden categories: Pages with DOIs inactive since 2017 All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011

Translations for complaint From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary شكوى Arabic оплакване, недоволство, болка, болест Bulgarian queixa Catalan, Valencian stížnost, symptom, příznak nemoci, nemoc Czech Beschwerde, Klage, Reklamation, Beanstandung, Leiden, Anzeige, Krankheit, Monierung German παράπονο Greek plendo Esperanto problema, queja Spanish reklamaatio, kantelu, vaiva, valitus Finnish plainte French coire Scottish Gaelic queixa Galician उलहना Hindi panasz Hungarian reclamo, disturbo, denuncia, lamentela Italian 不平, 不満, 文句 Japanese gazin, şikayet, gilî, rexne, گله‌یی Kurdish querela Latin beklag, grieven, proces-verbaal, klacht Dutch klage, innvending Norwegian skarga Polish queixa Portuguese indispoziție, deranjament, plângere, nemulțumire, tulburare, dereglare, reclamație Romanian жалоба, иск, нарекание, недомогание, недовольство, недуг Russian klagomål, klagan Swedish lawama Swahili şikayet Turkish شکایت Urdu Get even more translations for complaint » Translation Find a translation for the complaint definition in other languages: Select another language: - Select - 简体中文 (Chinese - Simplified) 繁體中文 (Chinese - Traditional) Español (Spanish) 日本語 (Japanese) Português (Portuguese) Deutsch (German) العربية (Arabic) Français (French) Русский (Russian) 한국어 (Korean) עברית (Hebrew) Український (Ukrainian) اردو (Urdu) Magyar (Hungarian) मानक हिन्दी (Hindi) Indonesia (Indonesian) Italiano (Italian) தமிழ் (Tamil) Türkçe (Turkish) తెలుగు (Telugu) ภาษาไทย (Thai) Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) Čeština (Czech) Polski (Polish) Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian) Românește (Romanian) Nederlands (Dutch) Ελληνικά (Greek) Latinum (Latin) Svenska (Swedish) Dansk (Danish) Suomi (Finnish) فارسی (Persian) ייִדיש (Yiddish) Norsk (Norwegian)

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